Progesterone in men is as important as that of women. Hormones in the body have very important roles in signaling and transporting chemical messages from one cell to another. It’s like tapping one domino and the rest creates a domino effect of chains. Imagine how a single imbalance could alter the routine of these hormones sending chemical signals to the body- it could be a disaster just waiting to happen. It is known that estrogen is for females and testosterone is for men. Not everyone knows that men and women produce both hormones. The difference between the two is that men produce more testosterone than women while women are on a higher level of estrogen production. Each hormone plays a vital role in stages in a person’s life like puberty, pregnancy, and all other physical, psychological, and emotional changes.
What Is Progesterone?
We are vaguely familiar with estrogen and testosterone but have you heard about progesterone? It’s called a pregnancy hormone since it is an important hormone in the body before a woman’s pregnancy and most especially right after. It’s a common hormone for women but men also produce this but in a vast difference in amount. And since these hormones play parts in keeping the activities of the organs in the body, a balance is needed for optimal happiness and health. But age is inevitable. It’s something we cannot disregard and as we grow up, the body is exposed to xenoestrogens or those that disrupt hormones that cause harm and creates an imbalance in the physical, mental and emotional factors in your life. Read on to know more about progesterone, why progesterone in men is important, and how to maintain a balance of hormones in the body.
Signs of Low Progesterone in Men and Women
Both men and women produce progesterone. Before a woman gets pregnant, the progesterone thickens to provide support and a growing conducive environment for the fertilized egg and this continues during pregnancy allowing a good environment for the fetus that is growing in the womb. There are also studies saying that progesterone could help prevent unwanted miscarriages but helping the uterine lining to produce more food nutrients that the embryo could use in the very first week of fetus and egg development. Right after menopause, progesterone levels drop and this is the reason why this hormone is being used by doctors to treat menopause and its signs through hormone replacement therapy. It’s important to note that this is not just a pregnancy hormone. It is also produced by men.
Progesterone levels are usually low before a woman ovulates but they relatively increase once the egg gets released. It’s like a rise and fall of progesterone levels for a couple of days and if you are pregnant, it continues to rise. When in menstruation, it falls again. As for men, low progesterone levels would also mean low testosterone levels and it could pose health issues as well. What happens then when progesterone in men and women is lowered down? are the symptoms that you have a low progesterone level?
- Breasts often get sore.
- Vaginal Dryness.
- Abdominal Pain
- Mood swings or anxiety and even depression
- Low blood sugar levels
- Migraines or headaches
- Low Libido
- Spotting in between periods
Signs of low progesterone in men:
- Low Libido
- Muscle Loss
- Erectile Dysfunction
- Trouble Concentrating and memory loss
Progesterone in Men: Why it is needed
Progesterone in men is produced in the testes and the adrenal glands. And while progesterone is a dominant female hormone, men also need it to produce enough testosterone for the body. Testosterone is needed for optimum health functions and other things such as sperm production, fat distribution. muscle strength and mass, sex drive, production of red blood cells in men, and bone density. The very main reason why progesterone levels drop in men is because of age
Men need progesterone too to improve sleep, kidney function, effects, and functions in the Central Nervous System, blocking o gonadotropin secretion, cardiovascular system, body fat or adipose tissue, respiratory system, and behavior. Adequate progesterone is needed to produce enough testosterone that a male body needs to function properly and as we have pointed out time and time again, imbalances could disrupt the cycle and could pose serious health issues. In addition to what has pointed above, men with low progesterone levels could also be at risk with arthritis, prostatism, osteoporosis, breast development in men or gynecomastia, hair loss, and a block in the bladder neck which is common to appear because of the enlarged gland of the prostate.
If you see signs of low progesterone levels, it’s best to visit your doctor. Doctors measure the levels using a blood test and the results come in nanograms and it is a millimeter of progesterone in the blood. Normal levels differ depending on age, health history, and sex, and for women, it also highly depends on whether a woman is pregnant or menstruating while for men, they make or produce smaller amounts of these hormones. How is it treated then?
Women who suffer from low levels of progesterone could receive an HRT or Hormone Replacement Therapy. This treatment has a combined estrogen and progestin that is in a skin patch or taken with a pill. You also have the option to take a spray or a cream that could be directly applied to the vagina if oral pills and patches do not work for you. The replacement therapy could help relieve vaginal dryness, hot flashes, and night sweats. The plus side of this is that it could also be a way to lower down colon cancer risk. It must also be disclosed that taking the HRT for more than three to five years could open you to breast cancer risks.
Low levels of progesterone in men are not as straightforward as that of women. There is often a greater cause as to why progesterone levels drop and when the main cause is treated, levels could then go back up. Men could always stay back on track by starting a healthy lifestyle that includes a nutritious diet, enough rest and sleep, exercise, and weight management could help keep the hormones in the body balanced.
Also, do not be afraid to talk and visit your trusted doctor if you think you have low progesterone levels. Be honest with your symptoms so that the best medication and guidance could be given to you. Yes, sexual health questions could be embarrassing but it’s better to have that uncomfortable conversation for a few minutes or hours with your doctor than to lead a life of unhappiness and discomfort due to low progesterone in men and women and with your hormones in general.