Are hormones the reason why adolescents and teens change their moods and behavioral response? In this hormones the series, we’ll figure out the ups and downs and the changes happening not only to the outside but also the inside of our children and adolescents. It’s important to note that there could be days when a child could be all excited and cheerful and the next minute they become down, sad, or low. This generally happens for teens or in the growing years just like how it also happens to adults. More than the interest in dating and acne, there is so much more than your child or an adolescent goes through during these times, and all these physical, emotional, and behavioral changes have got something to do with hormones.
Hormones change during puberty and it’s around the ages of 8 years old to 14 years old until a child or teen is in its early 20s. At this time, you might be able to see the changes in many ways that you can even realize. Because of these hormone changes, function, behavior, and even structure are affected and are bound for changes. With the hormones in the series, let’s figure out how we can understand what a growing teen experience to be able to help and better cater to needs and give the support that might be needed.
Hormones and the Changes
Everything in this world goes through changes. A butterfly is first a cocoon before it got its wings and was able to fly. This goes the same for men and women alike. Adolescents go through their share of changes, too. As mentioned, it starts either around 8- 14 years old until the early 20s. A change could be difficult and it could shock both the teen and the parents as well so it’s vital to know what these changes are to transition smoothly and for guardians and parents to be able to get the guidance they need.
1. Physical Changes
Puberty is when the physical transformations become visible as the body prepares for the transition from a child to an adult.
Note that it could come at different times and is unique for everyone but as pointed out, it’s usually around the age bracket of 8- 14 years old and ends around 22. Hormones have a lot to do with it as the sex hormones are coming out at this stage. Girls produce estrogen while boys produce testosterone. It’s also proven that puberty signs appear early in girls than in boys.
A few examples of changes in a boy’s physical attributes are as follows:
- Changes in the voice
- Broader chest and shoulders
- Genital organ development
- Hair in the face, arms, and chest
- First erections
While down below are hormones of the series of girls the following puberty:
- Broader hips
- Breast development
- First menstruations.
2. Sexual Changes
There is always a first time for everything and just like any other thing, sexual relations come in during the adolescence stage. The physical and hormonal changes that are experienced by teens are making them aware of their sexuality. It’s important to provide teens with correct and specific information about sex and sexuality so that they could feel a supportive environment that is ready for them in these changes.
3. Emotional and Psychological Changes
Just like the physical and sexual changes, the changes in emotional and psychological aspects are just as important. This is the time where teens search and look for their own identity. There is a growing need for freedom and independence and that’s where the confusion comes in. Teens are torn between doing things on their own and being dependent on their parents. As you can imagine, there are a lot of things going on with the first two changes and this adds up. It’s like a bomb just waiting to explode if not taken and handled well. Peer pressure could be evident and since teens could feel invulnerable and carefree, adolescents then seek out experiences that could expose them to harm and danger- even to the point of harming their well-being and health.
Hormones the Series: The Ups and Downs
As pointed above, teenagers and adolescents go through many changes, and as a result, they could feel self-conscious or even embarrassed that’s why they need a lot of privacy just for themselves. One thing to also remember is that the need for sleep in this time of adolescents is increased to about 8- 10 hours. This is more than what they get when they are younger so the amount and quality of sleep teenagers get could affect their mood and overall day to day activities.
A person’s brain keeps on being developed until their 20s and the very last to develop is the prefrontal cortex which is responsible for controlling and regulating emotions. You can then expect that young people could find it hard to manage anger and emotions. Understand that they are still learning how to express and process it more maturely. Make sure guidance is there for stressful situations so that teens could process them smoothly.
Ride out the Ups and the Downs
It’s never easy to go through these changes all at once but you can always ride it out. If you are a parent or going through adolescence, hormones the series could be a ride you can always maneuver.
Adolescents are trying and learning new things. If you are a parent, give your child the space they need. If you’re going through it, take as much time as you need to assess and discover things but never be afraid to reach out for help.
There’s nothing more relieving than to have someone listen to rants after a long, stressful day.
Stay connected to your child so that you can pick up easily on what your child is going through. For teens, speak up and voice it out. Remember, no one else in this world could love you more than your mom or parent could.
Work together and cope
The biggest job of being an adolescent is to learn how to manage and cope with the emotional whirlwind of ups and downs. As a parent, make sure you know what triggers the mood change and help them discover the things that could calm the ups and downs. As for teens and adolescents, ride it out and never be afraid to try things.
Being a teenager means that there are a lot of changes and struggles with self-image and identity plus all other factors. Although it’s considered exciting and fun to try out new things, there could be a whole myriad of emotions swirling during this stage. But not to worry because the good news is even though adolescence is a hormone the series of change, the body could eventually adjust and the ups and downs of hormones would calm down when adulthood arrives.