Basically an antihistamine medication, Azelastine Nasal Spray is formulated to treat post-nasal drip, itchy nose, sneezing, runny nose, hay fever and other allergic conditions. It is commonly sprayed twice a day in each nostril and should be used only as prescribed by the doctor. After opening the medication, get the pump delivery system and then use it to replace the screw cap. Two of the most known name brands for this medication are Astepro Nasal Spray and Astelin Nasal Spray.
Efficacy of Azelastine Nasal Spray Against Seasonal Allergies Like Rhinitis
Based on numerous studies, Azelastine Nasal Spray has exhibited an effectiveness in treating rhinitis patients. It decreases inflammatory cell migration as well as the concentration of platelet activating factor, kinins and leukotrienes. Azelastine Nasal Spra is fast acting in patients with vasomotor rhinitis, perennial rhinitis and seasonal allergic rhinitis. It alleviates symptoms like post-nasal drip and nasal congestion. It has been very effective when sprayed once or twice in each nostril two times a day.
Azelastine Nasal Spray is more effective than mometasone furoate, is comparable to the effects of fluticasone propionate and is safer to use than intranasal corticosteroids. Combined with fluticasone propionate, it has shown great efficiency against seasonal allergic rhinitis. It is also faster acting and more effective than oral antihistamines in treating individuals who are nonresponsive to past oral antihistamine treatment.
Efficacy of Azelastine Nasal Spray in Individuals Who Used Intranasal Steroid
How will individuals with a history of intranasal steroid use respond to Azelastine Nasal Spray? This is one of the many questions that arise when talking about the effectiveness of the drug. Based on a study conducted by M.A. Kaliner of the Institute of Asthma and Allergy in Maryland, the use of this medication in people who have used intranasal steroids in the past is just as effective in alleviating the symptoms of rhinitis in people without past use of intranasal steroids. In the study, researchers found that Azelastine Nasal Spray is effective in both groups for treating itchy nose, runny nose, sneezing, postnasal drip and nasal congestion.
Side Effects of Azelastine Nasal Spray
Azelastine Nasal Spray is Well tolerated in children and adults, making it a great weapon against nasal congestion. However, there are reports on how it may have certain side effects on certain individuals. It is very important for a patient to be aware of the symptoms in order to plan the next course of action. These include but are not limited to nasal burning, muscle pain, weight gain, fatigue and bitter taste.
Sometimes, patients may experience certain strange feelings such as a crawling sensation on the skin as well as pins and needles. Although not likely to happen, some individuals may still develop a severe allergic reaction when taking this drug. Common symptoms include troubled breathing, extreme dizziness, rashes, swelling and itching of the throat, tongue and face.
Precautions When Using Azelastine Nasal Spray
Before taking Azelastine Nasal Spray, be sure to determine if you are allergic to any kind of drugs especially to azelastine. In cases like this, be sure to notify the pharmacist or better consult your doctor first. Likewise, do not forget to inform the pharmacist or your doctor of the other medications you are currently on. It is important for them to know if you are taking vitamins, antihistamines, cold medications or other allergy drugs.
As much as possible, do not drink alcoholic beverages when using azelastine to prevent drowsiness. If you can avoid drinking, at least try to limit the volume of alcohol which you are about to take. When you feel that this drug is affecting you or is making you drowsy, try not to operate machinery or drive a car. Azelastine may also have an effect on people who are having surgery, breastfeeding mothers and pregnant women.
In case you miss a dose of Azelastine Nasal Spray, there is really no need to make up for that one. Forget about it and just go with your usual dosing schedule. In case of an overdose, be sure to call right away any nearby emergency room or poison control facility.
Take note that in order to make the most out of this medication, you have to take it regularly. Try using it at the same time of the day. If you notice that your symptoms are not improving, tell your doctor right away so possible adjustments can be made. Do not spray inside your mouth and in your eyes.
Aside from the active ingredients, this drug also contains inactive elements which patients, as well as their doctors, should be aware of. These include benzalkonium chloride and other inactive preservatives, which can potentially lead to allergies and other health problems.
Possible Drug Interactions When Using Azelastine Nasal Spray
In order for a drug to be completely safe and 100% effective, you need to be aware of any potential drug interactions. For this particular medication, you should notify the pharmacist or your doctor about all the herbal products, prescription and nonprescription drugs you are taking.
Avoid medications that may result in drowsiness like psychiatric drugs, narcotic pain relievers, muscle relaxants as well as sleep medications such as zolpidem. Likewise, be sure not to consume anti-seizure medications, anti-anxiety medicines and other antihistamines. Be cautious also of cough and cold medications as they may include ingredients which may cause drowsiness.
Proper Storage and Disposal of Azelastine Nasal Spray
To maintain the effectiveness of Azelastine Nasal Spray, close the container tightly when not in use. Keep it away from too much moisture and heat. It can also help to put it in room temperature. Keep it out of children’s reach by placing it in a safe spot free from their reach and sight.
Dispose of it safely when no longer needed. Other people, children and pets might otherwise consume it. Check out your neighborhood for any drug take-back programs and avoid flushing down the toilet any unused medication.